Category Archives: Freshers

Freshers demos: on AWS Linux/DB/Network tasks through Coaching


I have various students for my job oriented coaching on Cloud/DevOps.

In this blog, You can see the below freshers demos through coaching. Keep visiting for my periodical insertions of future demos.

  1. MYSQL Installation and data insertion/query on EC2-Ubuntu:


2. How to purge MYSQL from EC2-Ubuntu ?


3. How to setup MYSQL in EC2-Windows server ?

Visit, for

Mysql setup on EC2-Win server demo -Part1 :


Mysql setup on EC2-Win server demo -Part2:

(2) Facebook

4. S3 Bucket and CMD operations from EC2 with IAM UID:

(2) Facebook

5. A typical S3 Static web page demo:

(2) Facebook

6. How to work with AMIs ?:

7. How to use CSV data into MYSQL of EC2 Linux ?

8. How to download a file from EC2 to Local Laptop ?

9. How to install Mongodb in a Private EC2 through NAT Gateway ?

10. How to install MYSQL in a Private EC2 through NAT Instance ?

11. Installing MYSQL on EC2-Win 2019 server Through default VPC:

12. How to do a 2-Tier Architecture App setup with NAT Gateway through Windows 2019 EC2s along with a web page ?

13. Creating WP site with 2-tier Architecture in a VPC

Study the sample live requirements:

Learn Cloud projects building through special coaching

Learn Cloud projects building through special coaching:

Many IT Organizations are having lack of skilled people on building the right cloud projects. Hence their Cloud budgets are increasing instead of savings towards ROI.

Here is the special coaching I have been doing since 4+ years for the desired IT professionals to groom them into the desired job skills.

Visit for the past students reviews:

Manage Review (

See the below video on the coaching delivery methodology:

Learning Cloud technologies through basic skills are not enough to understand the Infra domain knowledge. One need to step into the shoes of project level tasks planning/designing/building is mandated to succeed in the job role.

AWS DevOps Course for Freshers with Project level tasks:

This course is designed for the Freshers by a three Decades globally experienced IT professional after studying many consulting projects and the skill gap issues of different project teams.
They can show these course project tasks, done by them during the course, in their profile.
The participant will be able to attend the interview for an AWS-DevOps fresher position, along with the live screen test without a Proxy interview. Interview preparation coaching will be given.
During the job; they will be honored for their skills learnt from this course and self demonstration in the team to complete the project task before the schedule. This can add value for the candidate’s future appraisals and for their IT ladder growth.
Its Purely, A job oriented course for Freshers with Live similar project activities through IT experienced professional. You will be enforced to do the tasks in the session. The Coacher/trainer will not touch the screen for lab demo.
Note: All the tasks the student will do as a demo in the session. Before coming to the demo he/she need to practice through material given to them. This makes the participant highly self motivated with confidence on technical learning. It motivates them for the job activities also, during their job.

For the course details, watch the below video:

If somebody want to attend the Basic AWS Course, before understanding the AWS-DevOps course they can see the below video and come for a call to know the details on it.

NOTE: This play list contains the videos made on the list of AWS courses made for freshers. The freshers when they are in project, they need to understand the infrastructure requirements and their tasks. During the course they coached on these areas well. And also they will be enforced to do some project activities with a requirement. And they need to present it in a team. This can give very high confidence to them not only to perform well in the interviews and also on the live project activity comparatively with many proxy interviews managed freshers.

For some more details on the course, visit:

You can see some of the learners sessions:

Free learning for College passed [this year] out freshers

If you are a College passed out student in this year/latest academic year, you can join the below group:

You will be learning the attached imaged contents by self.

These courses are designed as per the current IT industry needs.

Some times there will be free mentoring sessions.

Please read and follow the rules to Join.

For freshers/OPTs: For Agile/DevOps/AWS training contact for schedules

For course:

  1. This is for OPTs and the Indian colleges fresh graduates who came/passed out in 2019.

  2. who are self driven and try for jobs with the given skills learning without getting into somebody shoes, come and get trained. You wouldn’t see the labs as demos. You will be practicing the labs as per the coacher guidelines with his watching. So that you will gain the technical competency with self confidence.

  3. A new batch is planned in a cost effective way. Contact in the given FB links from the blog. Good luck in your job search and in IT profession.

  4. Also, visit the below blogs for  AWS Basic course and the AWS-DevOps:
  6. If you are keen in doing a fast track course to attack the job market instead of learning by self for months together and  getting struck to move forward, you can opt for #4 and #5.  Read the videos descriptions also. The contact details are given on this web page logo.

For specimen sessions you can watch the below videos:

  1. Agile: What are Agile manifesto Principles & How they can be used for SW ?
  2. Agile: What are the phases of Agile Project ?
  3. Agile: What is Disciplined Agile Delivery[DAD] ?
  4. Agile: What is Model Storming ?
  5. Agile: What is Scrum Framework and its roles ?

Free-orientation-for Freshers-2019

Join in the below group to follow the above guidelines:

This group is meant only for freshers/OPTs coaching on the topics mentioned in the group Logo. You can forward to your circles who all came out from college for latest passed out year. They need to provide evidences as they are from latest batch only. The FB ID need to have photo with profile details. With these specs only they are allowed in this group.

For course: This is for OPTs and the Indian college graduate who came/passed out in 2019. who are self driven and try for jobs with the given skills learning without getting into somebody shoes, come and get trained. A new batch is planned in a cost effective way. Contact in the given FB links from the blog. Good luck in your job search and in IT profession.

You can also see the Basic AWS and DevOps course details from the below blog/videos:

6. DevOps: How to work with interactive Docker containers


In  continuation of my previous blog on “5. DevOps: How to work with Docker Images”, in this blog I would like to show some lab practice on Interactive Docker containers.

Working with an interactive Docker container:

In the previous lab session, we worked with first Hello World container. And we came to know how the containerization works. Now, we are going to run a container in interactive mode.

What is docker run command ?:

The docker run subcommand takes an image as an input and launches it as a container.

What flags we need to use ?:

We have to pass the -t and -i flags to the docker run subcommand in order to make the container interactive.

The -i flag is the key driver, it makes the container interactive by grabbing the standard input (STDIN) of the container into the terminal.

The -t flag allocates a pseudo-TTY or a pseudo Terminal (Terminal emulator) and then assigns that to the container.

Note: Please note in the earlier session we have executed a container on unbuntu name.

But now, we will explore completely the interactive container operations.

In the below example, we are going to launch an interactive container using the ubuntu:16.04 image and /bin/bash as the command:

$ sudo docker run -i -t ubuntu:16.04 /bin/bash 

=========== Output ============>

vskumar@ubuntu:/var/log$ sudo docker run -i -t ubuntu:16.04 /bin/bash

Unable to find image ‘ubuntu:16.04’ locally

16.04: Pulling from library/ubuntu

Digest: sha256:7c67a2206d3c04703e5c23518707bdd4916c057562dd51c74b99b2ba26af0f79

Status: Downloaded newer image for ubuntu:16.04



Why the error messages [Unable to find image] appear ?:

As the ubuntu 16.04 image is not downloaded yet, we get the above message and with the docker run command it will start pulling the ubuntu 16.04 image automatically with following message:

Unable to find image 'ubuntu:16.04' locally
16.04: Pulling from library/ubuntu

When the download is completed, the container will get launched along with the ubuntu:16.04 image.

It will also launch a Bash shell within the container, because we have specified /bin/bash as the command to be executed. This landed us in a Bash prompt, as shown below:


What is ’53a7751d4673′?:

It is the hostname of the container. In Docker, the hostname is the same as the container ID.

Now, let us run a few commands interactively and confirm what we mentioned about the prompt is correct, as shown below:

To check the hostname below commands need to be executed:

root@53a7751d4673:/# hostname

root@53a7751d4673:/# id

root@53a7751d4673:/# echo $PS1

When we execute them, can see the below output:



root@53a7751d4673:/# hostname


root@53a7751d4673:/# id

uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)

root@53a7751d4673:/# echo $PS1

\[\e]0;\u@\h: \w\a\]${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$



So, we have seen the Host name as ’53a7751d4673′.

Id as ‘root ‘

Using ‘PS1’, —>Displays username, hostname and current working directory in the prompt.

PS1 in this example displays the following three information in the prompt:

\[\e]0;\u@\h: \w\a\]${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$

  • \u – Username
  • \h – Hostname
  • \w – Full path of the current working directory


root@53a7751d4673:/# pwd




Note, we are within the ubuntu 16.04 container and it works as Linux machine. So we can try some Linux commands also:


root@53a7751d4673:/# ps


1 pts/0 00:00:00 bash

26 pts/0 00:00:00 ps

root@53a7751d4673:/# ps -ef


root 1 0 0 11:28 pts/0 00:00:00 /bin/bash

root 27 1 0 11:48 pts/0 00:00:00 ps -ef


root@53a7751d4673:/# ls

bin boot dev etc home lib lib64 media mnt opt proc root run sbin srv sys tmp usr var

root@53a7751d4673:/# ls -l

total 64

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 bin

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 12 2016 boot

drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 360 Nov 25 11:28 dev

drwxr-xr-x 45 root root 4096 Nov 25 11:28 etc

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 12 2016 home

drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 Sep 13 2015 lib

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 lib64

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 media

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 mnt

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 opt

dr-xr-xr-x 250 root root 0 Nov 25 11:28 proc

drwx—— 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 root

drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 run

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 17 21:59 sbin

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 srv

dr-xr-xr-x 13 root root 0 Nov 25 11:28 sys

drwxrwxrwt 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 tmp

drwxr-xr-x 11 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 usr

drwxr-xr-x 13 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 var



So, ubuntu 16.04 container is nothing but a linux machine and we executed the above commands.

Now, I want to change the root permissions as below:


root@53a7751d4673:/# chmod +777 root

root@53a7751d4673:/# ls -l

total 64

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 bin

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 12 2016 boot

drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 360 Nov 25 11:28 dev

drwxr-xr-x 45 root root 4096 Nov 25 11:28 etc

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 12 2016 home

drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 Sep 13 2015 lib

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 lib64

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 media

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 mnt

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 opt

dr-xr-xr-x 255 root root 0 Nov 25 11:28 proc

drwxrwxrwx 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 root

drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 run

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 17 21:59 sbin

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 srv

dr-xr-xr-x 13 root root 0 Nov 25 11:48 sys

drwxrwxrwt 2 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 tmp

drwxr-xr-x 11 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:48 usr

drwxr-xr-x 13 root root 4096 Nov 14 13:49 var



Now, I want to exit from container and come back to host machine.



root@53a7751d4673:/# exit




Whenever the Bash exit command is used in the interactive container, it will terminate the Bash shell process.

In turn it will stop the container and returns to the docker host machine.

As a result, we can see the Docker host’s prompt $

You can see the status of docker images as below when I used ‘sudo docker images’ :



vskumar@ubuntu:/var/log$ sudo docker images


hello-world latest f2a91732366c 4 days ago 1.85kB

ubuntu 16.04 20c44cd7596f 7 days ago 123MB

ubuntu latest 20c44cd7596f 7 days ago 123MB

busybox latest 6ad733544a63 3 weeks ago 1.13MB

busybox 1.24 47bcc53f74dc 20 months ago 1.11MB



You can see whatever containers; we have have used in the past exercises.

At this point, I would like to stop this lab session. And in the next blog we can see on “How to track changes in a container?”.


Vcard-Shanthi Kumar V



On Job training for future Software engineers [freshers] how it saves their career time ?

I wrote this article to motivate the students who wants to build their own IT career faster in their early ages without depending on corporate to earn more perks in a faster way.

Student life

Lot of global IT services companies they conduct campus recruitment to select the top notch percentages acquired students to offer as software engineers.

During this process, each corporate might plan to groom the students on different skills in 6 to 10 months time by paying the agreed salary.

Once they are successful in their training and they can offer these candidates to different business units to hire them for their customer projects either under billable or non-billable. Depends on the projects requirement the candidates will be placed either on the candidate desired skills or non-desired skills.

Each fresher candidate [student] deployment onto the customer project might take typically 6 to 12 months; which includes their grooming/training on different skills. They will be placed onto the cusotmer projects with or without interviews.

SW-Eng interviews

Their productivity starts to corporate after one year of their joining time into the corporate company. Typically most of the corporate companies they recruit the students from the campus on bond for 2 years.

During this two years time each student might lose one year of their career time due to the corporate companies’ delays in their internal planning and adjustment of the selected students in different customer projects.

Sometimes, most of these students cannot be guided perfectly as corporate companies commit to students, due to lack of their internal mentors and all the processes are not synchronized across the company or by all locations. In such case the lucky students only can gain the advantages of the corporate companies’ commitments or professional lavishness.

Otherwise they to need burn themselves to pickup the technology skills to meet to the cusotmer requirements and also to the project role expectations.

Busy-SW Engr

Most of the students waste their time by hanging on to such campus recruitment process as they feel the large companies are their career guiders or ladders. 

But really the student has to stick on to the corporate to climb their ladder. Some freshers might have been groomed well because of they are placed by luck under good mentors. Most of them may not get this chance also.

What are the alternate ways to save freshers time?

There are few standard companies they consider the bright or non-bright students and groom them as Software engineers. During this process of grooming they will deploy them on to their internal development projects. They offer them as Trainee software engineer with the below models.

  1. Some of the companies they consider them on bond for 1 or 2 years without charge.
  2. Few companies they charge for the initial grooming time.


During the above process these companies adhere to the standard skill those are in demand of the market. With those industry demanded skills after completion off their trainee tenure either they can look for direct software engineer jobs or they can negotiate with the groomed companies to get a job with them.

Let us assume , If one candidate has learnt the skills with their live projects/products development activities he/she will be able to get a direct job more than the campus recruitment offer made by large corporate. And this candidate can save their time comparatively with their co-student who has joined in campus joining with the large corporate company. This way it saved his career building time and also he/she may get more offers in a year time.


When a fresher[college student] need to enter into a job market, he/she need to answer to the below questions:


What is the decision any young IT professional need to take in this dynamic changing IT environment?

Do I Have the capability to build my strategic career?

Do I need to stick or depend on through a company or need to make my own career plan?

Do I need to learn multiple skills initially to make myself with more returns?

Do I need to accelerate my competency? Or Do I need to have retardation by depending on a company?

Do I need to stick on to a corporate ladder or can I build my career bricks with day one foundation?

Do I need to build skills myself or depend on large corporate ?

Am I looking for a right company for my skills improvement in a faster way ?

Am I looking for any certifications for my long term career building ?

All the above scenarios a fresher need to determine and make a strong decision to accelerate their faster career building in this faster technology changing and competent environments.




SDLC & Agile – Interview questions for Freshers -4

Agile Cirlce1

In continuation of my previous blog []

on this subject following questions and answers are continued:


1.  What is a collaborative development approach in  agile development model ?

Ans: In any agile project as per the Agile manifesto principles the team need to pull up the ideas through a prototype like;  either phased prototype or iterative prototype or rapid prototype. With these pulled ideas, the team need to work together by sharing knowledge among themselves and which is considered as a collaborative development approach. 

2.  What is model storming during construction phase of an agile development model?

Ans: When the initial requirements are envisioned they all are being transmitted into different iterations. A single team or multiple teams need to execute the iteration during software code construction. The requirements also can be changed or newly added by the stakeholders as per the agile principles at any stage of Agile project phases.  The team need to be brain stormed to execute the iterations correctly and completely as per the user’s desire. The iteration can be considered as a single agile model for construction phase and this model storming can happen within team for clear understanding of SPRINT by each developer. During the model storming; the requirements decomposition happens like; from user story to design specifications those can lead to SPRINT items, and from design to code specifications. Depends on the team planning; sometimes the outcome of model storming can also be a TDD [Test Driven Design]. [Please look into my youtube videos on Agile topic reusable code example]


3. What is Test Driven Design [TDD]?

Ans: Any requirement [story] need to be decomposed into design requirement. Each design requirement need to be converted into code through construction phase. When the code is visualized [before development] by the developer a test driven scenario need to be identified or visualized by the developer and it need to be documented into a test case with different test design steps. Once the developer feels this test case can be executed by using different code paths the developer can start the code writing, this concept is called Test Driven Design and using this TDD specification the development can be started.  Hence the Agile developers need to make TDD  1st ready and plan for code writing, review and unit testing. Sometimes the TDD  can be the outcome of the model storming also.

4. What is confirmatory testing?

Ans: In any software build there can be defects through different levels of testing. When the developer fixes one or more defects and deploy code in test environment, the test engineer need to retest it for confirming the software function with reference to the regression requirements or functionality and the fixes [if any]. For every fix confirmation test is mandatory.

 5.  What is evolving documentation?

Ans: As per the agile process when the code is constructed and tested the prepared documents need to be updated with reference to the tested and certified build. If any new requirement has to be incorporated into document, the documentation evolving is an ongoing activity for an iteration build till it goes to production.


6.  What is internally deploying software?

Ans: Once the construction is over for an iteration requirement, software can be unit tested and integration tested. If it is passed, it can be move to other test environments. As per the deployment process when we are moving software into the different environments [after test certification or confirmation] the build is known as internally deployable software.


7.  When can you finalize the documentation in agile model?

Ans: During the transition stage once the acceptance test is signed off users suggestions are considered to finalize the documentation.


8.  What are  tangible and intangible benefits for users?

Ans: In any business requirements there are direct benefits from business to incorporate software requirements into software system which is considered as tangible [direct] benefits. There are intangible [indirect benefits] also  by incorporating different requirements into software with a business usage.

Example: If  the system performance is increased by a technical design  in the software architecture, users can access the data faster which is intangible benefits. Then the  iteration can facilitate to perform the software with faster data access or the web pages appearance can be faster. Sometimes this kind of requirements can come into  technical areas rather than coming through a user story in Agile and those can be intangible benefit. Even we might consider an upgrade to database or OS or memory, etc.  then also the data access speed can be increased.


9.  What is the feedback analysis? When it can be done?

Ans: As per the agile principles the stakeholder collaboration is an ongoing activity. At any time the stakeholder can give informal or formal feedback for any software items or in any approach followed by agile teams. In agile model many times informal feedback can happen during the discussion. At the same time the scheduled reviews also can happen. During the review the feedback can be given by the reviewers. Even a test result can come into a feedback category. All these feedback items need to be analyzed for delivering a working software by the teams as per the principles.  Sometimes the feedback analysis outcome can come into process improvements areas for the next iteration and these should be considered for Retrospective items. Hence the feedback analysis is a mandated activity at every task completion stage in  Agile project.


10.  What is demo in agile model?

Ans: With reference to the rapid prototype approach agile teams are supposed to demonstrate skeleton design for a new module. it is a plan to demonstrate skeleton system to the stakeholder and to get the feedback for processing further SPRINT  or Iteration items. This demo is organized depends on the software or initial plan for a given iteration.

Keep watching this site for further updates.

Contact for any guidance/coaching.


Vcard-Shanthi Kumar V

SDLC & Agile – Interview questions for Freshers -2

Agile Cirlce1

In continuation of my previous questions blog [] on this topic these were made.

SDLC and Agile Model:

Questions on SDLC Phases:

1. How the agile methodology has been architected?

Ans: The agile methodology has been architected with 12 principles to govern the agile development approach.

2. What is highest priority during agile development model?

Ans: The highest priority is customer satisfaction and the early and continuous delivery of software which will work for the customer requirement.

3. Why the agile development models need to accept the request on irrespective of the development stage?

Ans: As per the  fundamental approach of agile development  it provides facility to the users towards inception of new or enhanced requirements before the delivery.

4. During agile development approach who all need to work together?

Ans: The business people and software developers need to work collaboratively and consistently throughout the project life cycle.

5. To get the right delivery what do we need to do during agile development model?

Ans: In agile project we need to have self motivated individuals at the same time we also need to supply the required human and nonhuman resources to get the job done.

6. When the life cycle of agile model ends?

Ans: The agile model continues till the retirement of the product or project. When the customer decides the retirement of the product then the project operation is terminated. 

7. Why do we need to have face to face conversation during agile development approach?

Ans: The agile principle guides to have face to face conversation among the project resources to have most efficient and effective method of communication.

8. How can you measure the progress and success of agile project?

Ans: The basic concept of agile is to deliver the working software of component.

9. How  the agile development process need to be promoted and to whom  all ?

Ans: Agile development process need to be promoted in a  sustainable development for continuous delivery to the sponsors, developers and users.

10. Why do we need technical excellence and good design project delivery?

Ans: The concept of the agile is for continuous delivery to the users as per the requirements in an iterative development approach. The team capacity needs to be accelerated towards the functions and processes to work on good software design.

Keep watching this site for further updates.

Contact for any guidance/coaching.

View my UrbanPro-profile

URL is : 


Vcard-Shanthi Kumar V

SDLC & Agile – Interview questions for Freshers -1

Agile Cirlce1

If you are a fresher for an IT  job trials this might be useful.

Please note as per the current global IT Industry trend most of the IT organizations have moved into Agile SDLC  and Continuous delivery cycles. Hence you, being fresher should be ready with this knowledge. I have made some of the below questions related to this topic.

[Also look into my old blog:]

SDLC AND Agile Model:

Questions on SDLC Phases:

1. What are the general phases for SDLC [Software Development Life Cycle] ?

Ans: In any development model  [SDLC] following are the different phases for software delivery : 

a) Requirements Investigation and analyzing

b) Design

c) Development

d) Implementation

e) Management

2. Where can you get requirement specifications in SDLC?

Ans: During the phase of Requirement investigation and analysis, the output will be Software Requirement Specifications. In every project during this phase user involvement is essential to get the business requirements to make the right software.

3. What is the procedure to derive the design specification?

Ans: During design phase the design specifications will be output of this activity. During this phase the final SRS is considered and it should be derived for design specification against each requirement. One requirement can have more than one design specifications. Basically you will be decomposed the software requirement into one or more design specification(s).

4. What is development or construction?

Ans: Once the design specifications have been baselined, the developer takes the design specifications to convert them into code. This activity is called constructing or developing code. The technology should be used for coding need to be  specified in the design documentation. Example: Let us assume you want to develop the code in Java, so the technology should be Java.

5. What is implementation in SDLC?

Ans: The implementation activity need to be started once the code construction is completed, the code construction involves coding, code review and unit testing, integration testing. Once these 3 tasks are completed the project is moved to next phase that is implementation. During implementation phase the relevant test environment is considered for deployment of software builds for test cycles. Depends on the SDLC model;  system testing and user acceptance testing can be performed, during the implementation software build can be deployed into live  once the user certify UAT [User Acceptance Testing]. The Live environment is also called production environment.


6. What is the meaning for  software management and retirement?

Ans: Once the software is deployed into production or live environment under first release there can be bug fixes  or software enhancements; those can occur under application management life cycle and which can be a software management also. With this concept software is being upgraded during its life time. When the new technology or business systems are considered towards   equivalent or more of the current software features then current software build should  be retired.

Example: A mainframe [COBOL/DB2/CICS] application can be converted into windows based with Java technology. Then the existing COBOL/DB2/CICS application can be planned for a retirement with the replacement of the newly planned application. The new application can also have some more software features or the same features can be implemented.

Questions on Agile:

7. How the agile development model pulls the ideas ?

Ans: Agile development model pulls the ideas in a phased manner in the following way, by using a) Prototyping   b) iterative development c) Rapid prototyping. During these phases the stakeholders or users involvement is mandatory. Their needs or suggestions also comes into the ideas for making the right software.

8. How the agile model champions the ideas?

Ans: By following various phases, different ideas are generated into the agile model. Using this approach it accelerates  the software engineering team to get the right results through different software delivery iterations.

9. Why traditional approach of SDLC is not suitable for agile development model?

Ans: During the traditional approach we do not have prototyping and iterative development in the SDLC. Using the prototyping the demo can be conducted on a conceptual model of the [new or existing] software. Then the  users can visualize these thoughts to extend the demo version into their live software. Then iterations comes into picture as  part by part to deliver  the working software in the agile development model.

To give you with some  more clarity;  Agile development model involves continuous construction and delivery using the phases of prototyping and iterative. For each iteration there can be prototype demonstration. Once the demo is approved the iteration will start for construction and implementation. In traditional model if we want to use for prototyping there is a phased prototype model and rapid prototype model are used, once they are approved by users the project team need to choose one of the traditional model SDLC. In this case there are two parts of delivery need to be considered where as in an agile model they are in-built for fast planning and iteration.

10. During agile model what kind of teams need to be formed to initiate the project?

Ans: To work in the agile development project we need the teams in small size, highly talented and responsive people.

11. During agile model how software requirements  are considered for delivery?

Ans: Agile team needs to consider the essential,  prioritized and deliverable requirements [within cycle time] from the users and construct the software in small increments those are called SPRINTS for delivery.

SW-Eng interviews


Next series of questions are continued……… in the below blog url:

You can look for my agile topic based videos:



If you are looking for any guidance please contact me and use the below Vcard:

Vcard-Shanthi Kumar V






How to Reduce Agile cycle time with reusable code ? [with Video lessons] # Kindle

Agile practices and the importance of Re-usable code libraries for cycle time reductionReusable code usage for Agile iterations planning by examples:

In many Agile transformation sessions the Agile practitioners or savvy’s discuss more on the process related activities rather than elaborating on the technical or software engineering process steps to reduce the cycle time.

At the same time prior to the Agile meetings, activity efforts need to be defined by the designers and the developers. Unless they identify the size of the reusable code components in the applications it is not worth for conducting the Release or Sprint planning meetings for planning of the iterations.

Hence it is the moral responsibility of the technical teams to apply this kind of practices ahead of Agile process or Scrum meetings.

If you are interested to know what reusable code with examples is, this E-Book can be useful. Using this technique, you can plan for code refractor and its cleaning also to get ROI on future Agile iterations. During Scrum meetings, these are the important topics where technical people need to discuss for customer’s ROI acceleration planning and also the cycle time reduction acceleration. The team’s technical capabilities also can be accelerated by following these practices regularly.

I have considered an application example of E-commerce site building for defining the Sprint planning and their iterations. Each iteration has been divided into different reusable code components design parts.

The relevant graphics have been designed and added into this E-book. The software configuration processes with Code Items process have been discussed also.

One can answer the following after understanding this E-Book content:
How to define the reusable code?
How the Iterations can be planned?
Is it possible to demonstrate the iterations cycle time reduction?
What are the entry criteria for Sprint planning?
What are the jumpstart activities required for designers before Agile release meeting?
How to manage the code components with configuration management process?
How to plan the efforts reduction for Sprint cycles?

The proposed or mandatory readers are:
Agile developers
Agile Designers
Agile PMS
Agile Product Owners
Agile teams
Who all intended to learn Agile Practices?

It is cheaper now, please visit:







Vcard-Shanthi Kumar V

Visit for Agile interview questions:

Visit for DevOps FAQs: